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Ushaw Moor Colliery / Broompark colliery.

February 14, 2013 14 comments

 

 

I found this article very interesting.Last paragraphs mention broompark, but also interesting to note that both Broompark and ushaw moor collierys opened at the same time.

 

 THE NORTHERN ECHO

 Archive – Friday, 6 February 2004

Discovery of coal on moors leads to development of village

USHAW Moor is a former mining village on the north side of the River Deerness, half way between Durham and Esh Winning.

Centrally located among the mining communities of the Deerness and Browney, roads from neighbouring places converge upon a crossroads at the village centre.

The crossroads was there long before Ushaw Moor came into being, although there was no housing in the 1850s when the nearest structures were Cockhouse

Farm, half a mile west and Broom Hall on a hill to the east.

Ushaw Moor’s mining community was born in the second half of the 19th Century on previously empty moorland. Some settlement had come in the early 19th

Century when Ushaw College opened, but this famous institution existed half a century before Ushaw Moor itself.

There had been an earlier farming settlement called Ushaw, first mentioned in 1312. Now gone, it was possibly located where College Farm stands.

 Early spellings suggest Anglo-Saxons called Ushaw “Ulfs Shaw” meaning Wolf’s Wood but it may be named after Ulf, a man who held land west of Durham in

the 12th Century.

Little is known of early Ushaw, except that a bake-house belonging to the Batmanson family existed here in the 17th and 18th centuries, perhaps where the

college now stands. It was a communal establishment used by the poor and needy for a small fee.

Ushaw’s moorland, originally called Middlewood Moor, lay mostly east of the early settlement. For centuries small-scale drift mining was undertaken at nearby

places such as Esh, but in 1755 attempts to reach coal on the moor ended in failure.

In 1858, the Pease family opened a railway through the Deerness Valley to serve the colliery at Waterhouses which stimulated the development of more mines.

After the successful finding of coal, Ushaw Moor Colliery opened about 1870. Its first owners were probably the Holliday family who owned drift mines near

old Esh and Hilltop. By 1873 it belonged to John Sharp but passed to the aristocratic Henry Chaytor of Witton Castle in 1879.

Ushaw Moor’s first colliery village developed on the north side of Cockhouse Lane (the B6302), three quarters of a mile west of the present village.

The early colliery village included West Terrace, East Terrace and Double Row while the colliery lay on the opposite side of the road, overlooking the

 Deerness. The colliery and terraces were demolished in the 1950s and 1960s and are now empty fields.

Deerness View, a lonely hamlet on the B6302, now stands near the site. This came later, in the mid-20th Century, but the terraces of the first colliery

 village lay in the fields to its east.

There had been development of buildings around the crossroads in what is now the centre of Ushaw Moor before the 1890s.

 Buildings included a pub called the Flass Inn, but the population was concentrated in the terraces further west.

Cockhouse Lane leads to Esh Winning and Waterhouses, but before those collieries developed it terminated at Flass Hall, a mile east of Ushaw Moor.

The hall’s name derives from an Old Danish word, Flask, meaning swamp and has the same meaning as Flass Vale in Durham.

Established in the 1570s, it lies on the site of a medieval farm and is marked on Saxton’s map of Durham in 1576.

The hall’s first occupant was William Brass who was succeeded by his son, Cuthbert in 1600.

The last Brass at Flass still lived there in 1697 when it became the hall of the Hall family.

By the 19th Century, Flass belonged to Jane Smythe, of Esh Hall, who married Sir Robert Peat, a friend of the Prince Regent.

Robert had serious gambling debts and probably married Jane for money.

Later, they were estranged, partly because of Jane’s kleptomaniac tendencies. She chose to live in Sunderland, renting Flass Hall to the Reverend Temple

Chevalier of Esh village while her property at Cockhouse Farm was leased to John Leadbiter of Gateshead.

Flass Hall became a property of the Peases in the 1920s before passing in the 1930s to a local farmer who kept pigs in the house. It was taken over by the

National Coal Board in 1947 and converted into private houses in the late 1960s. Locally it is called “haunted house”, but the identity of its spectral

resident, if indeed there is one, remains a mystery.

Broom Hall is another notable hall. Once situated in empty fields east of the village until almost swallowed by Ushaw Moor’s housing developments in the

1960s, it belonged to the Batmanson family in the later half of the 16th Century.

Broom Hall is really associated with the little village of Broom to the east. Broom is now called Broompark but this was really the name for an adjoining

colliery village that developed in the 19th Century.

The colliery village has gone and is now occupied by housing development called Cookes Wood, but older parts of Broom including several old farmhouses

remain.

Broompark is only separated from Ushaw Moor by a road and recreation ground. Mining had taken place on a small scale here since the 1300s when its coal was

sold to the Prior of Bearpark. North Brancepeth Colliery Company which also operated Littleburn colliery opened the colliery about 1870 on the site of a

mysterious medieval moat. The colliery closed in 1904 after a major fire from which the miners escaped by means of an old drift.

One intriguing feature of Broompark is the Loves public house. Built in the 19th Century it was originally called Love’s Hotel after Joseph Love,

a Durham coal owner who owned a brick foundry. He is thought to have built the pub with his bricks, each perhaps inscribed with the word Love.

* In next week’s Durham Memories we look at the troublesome history of Ushaw Moor Colliery.

Published: 06/02/2004

If you have any memories of Durham City, Chester-le-Street, Derwentside or the Durham coast, including old photos or stories of people and places you would

like to share with readers of The Northern Echo, write to David Simpson, Durham Memories, The Northern Echo, Priestgate, Darlington, DL1 1NF or

email David.Simpson@nne.co.uk. All photos will be returned.

Old School Broompark County Durham Broompark school county durham

January 30, 2013 8 comments

Old School Broompark County Durham Broompark school county durham

Broompark infant school county durham uk

I remember the school well. All the upper levels were blocked off as it was only used for infants on the lower ground level.
Seems it was turned into apartments.??
More photos here ~~

https://plus.google.com/photos/113551962197260614126/albums/5533085008930261473/5533085199113131986?banner=pwa

Any other input ` Thanks.

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Back Street-Grant Street- Broompark County Durham.

January 23, 2013 31 comments

Back of Garden st Broompark number 431Broompark County Durham Circa 1962w810H
Back street -Garden street Broompark.the kids broomparkBack of Grant st Broompark number 431Back Street-Grant Street- Broompark County Durham.

Back of Grant Street Broompark County Durham
11th of September 1959

Broompark County Durham 1962

January 8, 2013 27 comments

Broompark County Durham 1963

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Recent Posts from FB Page – Butchers – Duck n Peas

December 29, 2012 6 comments
Hope you all had a good Christmas. Our day was 39 degrees Celsius.

The first school i attended was St Josephs in Ushaw. I recall one day one of the kids took me to the butchers shop down town. From memory we took the first street left off the main street and went into the back of the butchers premises. This was around 1959/60 and that was when butchers really were butchers.

At the back of the shop there was a holding pen where livestock was delivered and the animals were slaughtered right there. My friend had been there before and the old guy working out the back knew his family. The old guy had pots boiling in there and when i asked what was in one of them he took a hook and lifted a whole head up out of the pot. It scared me half to death as it was half cooked and all the skin was gone and exposed all the teeth and the eyes were bulging. Another pot was rendering down the hooves to make glue. Other pots were cooking round balls which I now know to be fagots also known as duck and eaten with peas and often referred to as duck & peas. Another version of Scotland’s Haggis which is made mainly of offal and the rubbishy bits of animals and then wrapped in the belly skin and cooked with a variety of spices.

I recall eating this at the Durham produce markets. Only just realised recently what i was eating; LOL, anyone still eat this ?

It seems to have remained a tradition which started in the war depression days.
  • Ushaw Moor Memories Great bit of History Ron, wow could do with some of that heat over here, at 39 deg, I guess u wouldn’t mind sending some over

    I think the butchers u are talking about would have been Lawsons, he had premises behind his shop, where animals were butchered. My grandfather Gilbert Ayre kept pigs up at the allotments near Ushaw Terrace amongst other livestock, some of the pigs were supplied by him to Lawsons, at least that’s what my Gran always said.

    Colin Lawson was the owner at the time I remember, always remember he had a false leg as was knocked over while serving many years ago.

    Great memories, many thanks for sharing, how times have changed.

    PS you may have known my Mother , Margaret Ayre and Gran Bessie Ayre was West.
  • Ron Nightingale Yes the butchers shop was called Lawsons and i now remember the guy in the serving part of the shop had a wooden leg. There was also an alotment at Broompark that bred pigs and it was the only alotment on the right of the start of the footpath that led to the railway bridge and the beck. Micheal Saunders (one of the older kids) worked in there so i am guessing it was his dads, but i am thinking there was another guy often came from Ushaw that also kept pigs. The name Ayre and West ring a bell but if they were from Ushaw and not Broompark i am probably remembering the names from kids at school. I left St Josephs and attended the prodestant school in ushaw so i got to know most of the ushaw kids but my memory is vague with names now. I have exausted all avenues of trying to find old pictures of the old houses at Broompark and dont even know when they were pulled down. Hard to believe i can not find any information on the durham Council sites.? I have printed out a screen shot from google earth of the current Broompark and intend to draw the old houses into it using the front remaining street as a guide to the sizes. I can only remember the 2 streets i lived in there which was grant street and then Albert st. Maybe if i draft up this map and upload it someone might be able to add the other street names. Or if someone could point me in the right direction to get this info i would be grateful as its not easy from being here in Australia.
  • Ushaw Moor Memories Hi Ron , thanks for your comments, it is a shame there is not more out there on Broompark History. With regard to the mapping have u tried Durham County Council’s Geographic Information System (GIS) is an interactive mapping service, which allows you to look back at historic maps of a particular area from present day to 1800’s. Simply zoom the area you require eg Broompark area by dragging a box around it,or usingthe search link, then choose an era from the drop-down menu, I used 1938-1950 to get early view of Broompark showing colliery houses. You can use the tools at the bottom to zoom in and pan around the map http://gis.durham.gov.uk/website/interMAP/viewer.htm
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